The US versus Iran: a struggle for Europe
Author. Shumilin A. – PhD of High degree in Political sciences, Head of the Center "Euro-Atlantic - the Middle East", Chief Research Fellow at the European Security Department of the Institute of Europe (Russian Academy of Sciences). Address: 11-3, Mokhovaya str., Moscow, Russia, 125009. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Abstract. The US administration’s pulling out of the agreement signed by P5+1 with Iran in 2015 has not crushed down the “nuclear deal” (JCPOA) while having undermined it substantially. The possibilities of the EU to salvage the deal are being put in question with the time to come. Europe itself is getting field for political and economic battles between the USA and its Middle East allies, on one hand, and Iran, on the other hand. The European politicians are trying to draw a compromise formula to settle the conflict.
Key words: Iran, US, Trump, European Union, JCPOA, nuclear program
A pan-European response to the withdrawal of the US administration from the international agreement on Iran’s nuclear program was given on May 17, 2018 at the EU summit in Sofia. There and then, the heads of the EU member states decided to continue fulfilling the terms of the agreement with Iran three years ago (the Joint Comprehensive Action Plan - the JCPOA), contrary to calls by the Donald Trump administration to follow his example and withdraw from the agreements with Iran. In this situation, Europeans believe that the prospect of Tehran returning to uranium enrichment can become a real and long-term threat to the security of the countries of the Old World.
European corporations are starting to panic
In a generalized form, the sharply negative reaction of the European Union to the Donald Trump administration’s demarche was expressed by the President of the European Council Donald Tusk. In particular, he stated the following: “With regard to the nuclear deal with Iran, we have unanimously agreed that the EU should remain within the framework of the JCPOA for as long as Iran fully complies with its obligations under this document. In addition, the commission was given the green light to mobilize all opportunities to defend European interests in the event of damage to them ... A real geopolitical problem is not when you have an unpredictable enemy or partner, but when your closest friend is unpredictable. Now this is not a joke. This is the essence of our problem today with our friends on the other side of the Atlantic”.